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Bulk Modulus and Traction Effects in Hydraulic Pump and Motors
Paul Michael, Milwaukee School of Engineering, USA
This paper describes an investigation into the effects of fluid bulk modulus and traction coefficient properties on piston pump flow losses and radial pison motor torque losses through experimentation, modelling and simulation. Synthetic ester, high bulk modulus, multi-grade, and single grade mineral oils were evaluated. The high bulk modulus fluid exhibited 20% lower pump case and compensator flow losses than a conventional mineral oil of the same viscosity grade. Low traction coefficient fluids reduced the low-speed torque losses of the radial piston motor by 50%. Physical models for pump case flow and motor torque losses were derived from the experimental data. Field data was collected from a hydraulically propelled agricultural machine. This data was used to model fluid performance in the machine. The simulation results predict that at an operating temperature of 80?C, optimizing the bulk modulus and traction coefficients of the fluid could reduce flow losses by 18% and torque losses by 5%. These findings demonstrate the potential of combining comprehensive fluid analysis with modeling and simulation to optimize fluids for the efficient transmission of power.