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Experimental investigation of the Bunsen and the diffusion coefficients in hydraulic fluids
Filipp Kratschun, RWTH Aachen University, Institute for Fluid Power Drives and Controls (IFAS), Germany
Hubertus Murrenhoff, RWTH Aachen University, Institute for Fluid Power Drives and Controls (IFAS)
Katharina Schmitz (geb. Schrank), Hunger Hydraulik
The dynamic of cavitation in hydraulic components cannot be computed accurately yet and therefore cavitation is hard to predict. The cavitation phenomenon can be divided in three sub-phenomenona: Pseudo-cavitation, Gas-cavitation and Vapour-cavitation. Pseudo-cavitation discribes the enlargement of an air bubble due to a pressure drop. Gas-cavitation refers to bubble growth which is driven by diffusion of dissolved air from the surrounding fluid into the bubble, when the solubility of air in the fluid is lowered by a pressure drop. Vapor-cavitation is the evaporation of the liquid phase on the bubble surface. Usually all three sub-phenomenona occur simultaneously when the pressure decreases and are summarised as cavitation in general.
To implement the physics of gas-cavitation in a dynamic mathematical model it is necessary to know the diffusion coefficient of air in the hydraulic liquid and the maximum amount of air which can be dissolved in the liquid. The calculation can be accomplished by using the Bunsen coefficient. In this paper both coefficients for three different hydraulic oils are calculated based on experimental results.