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Effects of air dissolution dynamics on the behavior of positive-displacement vane pumps: a simulation approach
Francesca Furno, Siemens Industry Software S.A.S., France
Vincent Blind, Siemens Industry Software, Product Lifecycle Management, Simulation & Test Solutions
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effects of the dissolution time time for the liquid to absorb the gas till the saturation state - on the behaviour of positive-displacement vane pumps, in terms of pressure peaks within internal chambers and forces applied to the stator ring. The chamber pressurization depends on the volume variation and fluid Bulk modulus in the pre-compression phase during which the volume is trapped between the suction and the delivery port rims. If the dissolution time is short, then the entrained air is quickly absorbed and the fluid Bulk modulus sharply increases just before opening the connection to the outlet; as a consequence, pressure peaks may appear thus degrading the NVH characteristics of the pump. Moreover the pressure within internal chambers generate i) a torque demand to the driver (the combustion engine or an electrical motor) and ii) a total force applied to the stator ring. In case of fixed displacement designs, the resultant pressure force simply represents a load for support bearings; while in case of variable designs, it contributes to the displacement regulation. Simulation results show that the pump behaviour is very sensitive to the dissolution time when it is quite close to the duration of the trapped period.